Federation of Abbey Schools

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Cleveland Terrace, Darlington,County Durham DL3 8JA


01325 380 748

Subject Progression

English and maths subject progression documents and information can be accessed via the KS1 and KS2 curriculum tabs

KS1 - https://www.abbeyfed.darlington.sch.uk/children/curriculum-letters/ks1

KS2 - https://www.abbeyfed.darlington.sch.uk/children/curriculum-letters/ks2-1



Our intent is to ensure progression of the statutory requirements for primary science in an innovative, creative and memorable way.

We want children to be enthused at Abbey School with an eagerness and curiosity regarding their environment, how it works and the ways in which they can explore and develop their knowledge and understanding of the world.  We intend for them to be able to explain the world around them using the ideas and concepts taught to them in science.  They will build a schemata for important concepts through a sequence of skills that progress over time.  The children will revisit key concepts and use previous knowledge to learn from the activities they have undertaken.

We intend that our science curriculum will encourage our children to think, discuss, try things out, get their hands dirty and work inside and outside the classroom in a fun, interactive and practical learning environment.  They will be confident and fluent in using scientific vocabulary.  Children will use scientific enquiry to create knowledge that can be revised when new evidence comes to light and to use different types of scientific explanation.  They will be fluent in both their disciplinary and substantive knowledge, building on previous learning to create a picture of their scientific experience and ways of using that knowledge in future lessons and investigations – to Year 7 and beyond.

The children are encouraged to work scientifically by questioning, observing, measuring, planning, researching, recording, presenting and evaluating at every opportunity.  They will be introduced to new scientific concepts and also be able to pose and answer their own scientific questions.  Science will be inclusive to all children regardless of background, ability, knowledge or experience.  SEND children will be carefully considered and planned for, and given the same opportunities as every child at Abbey School.

We use Nicky Waller’s “Creative Approach to Teaching Science” with exciting and innovative ways to teach and meet the objectives for primary physics, chemistry and biology from Years 1-6 because we want our children to be curious and to realise how amazing and exciting science is!

Science curriculum overview

EYFS science progression

KS1 and KS2 science progression




Our intent is to ensure progression of the statutory requirements for primary computing as part of a broad and balanced curriculum. We aim for our curriculum to be ambitious and for the children to learn in an innovative, creative and memorable way. We want children to leave school as computational thinkers with an enthusiasm and curiosity regarding their ever-changing environment, how it works and the ways in which they can explore and develop their knowledge and understanding of the world through information technology and other STEM subjects.

We aim for our computing curriculum to be coherently planned and sequenced and successfully adapted, designed and developed for all pupils, including pupils with special educational needs and/or disabilities.  We want it to encourage our children to think and discuss ways to solve problems and achieve success through collaborative projects as well as independently. We want children to know that IT systems are all around us, about how they work as well as how to use them and that computing can be achieved away from a physical computer. Our learners will be given opportunities to develop their digital literacy skills as well as their computer science knowledge.

In addition to this, we aim for our children to be safe when using technology and understand the risks that can be involved, how to deal with these and how to ask for support. We want all of our learners to leave school as good digital citizens.

Our staff access CPD and resources from our local Computing Hub and we have adapted the "Teach Computing" planning to meet our needs.

Computing curriculum overview

KS1 computing progression

KS2 computing progression




Our intent is to build a geography curriculum that inspires inquisitive minds to learn about the world around them and develop knowledge and skills that benefit children throughout their lives.

We aim to promote learning through an engaging curriculum which provokes children’s curiosity of the world around them. The progressive nature of the curriculum ensures that previous knowledge is built upon and key facts and information are embedded. Children will learn about the world and gain an understanding of their place within it, from learning about their local area as well as the impact that humans have upon the world.

We aim to create geographers who are inquisitive about the world and the people within it; have an interest and understanding of the diversity of environments and resources and are able to explain some key physical and human processes. As an investigative subject geography develops skills which are transferable to many other areas enabling children to aim high, work hard and achieve together.

KS1 geography curriculum overview

KS2 geography curriculum overview

EYFS geography curriculum progression

KS1 and 2 geography curriculum progression




The intent of our history curriculum is to deliver a curriculum which is accessible to all and that will maximise the outcomes for every child so that they aim high, work hard and achieve together. As a result of this they will:

  • Increase and develop their historical skills, concepts, knowledge and attitudes.
  • Increase their understanding of the present in the context of the past.
  • Develop and use their skills in enquiry, analysis, evaluation, and argument.
  • Develop their interest in the past, arousing their curiosity and motivation to learn.
  • Develop a sense of identity through learning about the past.

KS1 and KS2 curriculum overview

EYFS history progression

KS1 history progression

LKS2 history progression

UKS2 history progression




Abbey Schools recognises the contribution of PE to a child’s physical, cognitive, social and emotional development as well as the role it can play in a child’s spiritual, moral and cultural development.

We aim to provide a broad and balanced PE curriculum intended to develop children’s increasing self-confidence in their ability to manage themselves and their bodies within a variety of movement situations. Through a balance of individual, paired and group activities, we aim to cater for the strengths, needs and preferences of each child, using differentiated activities where appropriate. Children are also taught to appreciate the importance of a health and fit body, and begin to understand those factors which affect health and fitness.

We believe that PE offers the opportunity for all children to develop a sense of personal achievement, fair play, teamwork and an understanding of how sport can break down social and cultural boundaries. All children are encouraged to join clubs to extend their interest and involvement in sport.

Our curriculum is based on Get Set 4 PE with adaptations for our context and to include as many opportunities for children to participate in events organised by the Darlington Sports Partnership.

PE curriculum overview

PE skills and knowledge progression




The intent of our Design and Technology curriculum is to deliver a curriculum which inspires every child and provides practical learning opportunities. As a result of this they will:

  • Use and develop their creativity when designing and making.
  • Build their knowledge and understanding of the design process.
  • Make products that solve real and relevant problems within a variety of contexts.
  • Develop their evaluation skills and learn how to adapt and improve ideas.
  • Increase their understanding of the principles of nutrition and learn how to cook.

Our DT projects are always linked to other curriculum topics.

DT curriculum overview

DT progression of skills

DT cookery skills



Art and Design

Our art and design curriculum aims to inspire pupils to express themselves whilst developing their creativity, aesthetic sensitivity, self-discipline and personal fulfilment. We equip our pupils with the knowledge and skills to experiment, invent and create their own works of art. Through art and design activities, pupils learn about their own and other cultures, and they develop an understanding of how art and design reflect and shape our history. At our school, pupils will:

  • Engage in a range of art and design activities which allow them to be imaginative, creative and expressive
  • Develop their skills of sketching, painting, printing, collage, textiles, 3D work and digital art, including an ability to control materials, tools and techniques
  • Understand the processes involved in creating works of art
  • Develop an appreciation for art in its many forms and across different cultures
  • Learn about great artists, craft makers, architects and designers in history
  • Learn to think critically and develop a deeper understanding of art and design 

We use the Access Art scheme and adapt it to our own context and curriculum needs.

Art curriculum overview

KS1 Art curriculum progression

Access Art Long Term Plan KS2

Progression of skills KS2



Our intent is to ensure progression of the statutory requirements for primary music in a practical, creative and enjoyable way.

We want children to leave school having had a rich and varied experience of practical ways of music making and having had opportunities to listen to a wide range of quality recorded and live music. Children will be given opportunities to perform their music making in front of their peers and parents.

We aim for music to encourage our children to create, collaborate, experiment and enjoy a wide range of playing, singing, composing and listening activities in a fun, interactive and practical learning environment. All children will receive some teaching by specialist music teachers on their journey through the school. Small group lessons provided by specialist teachers will be offered to all children in Key Stage 2 from a choice of strings, brass or woodwind.

The children are encouraged to create their own compositions and record them, when appropriate, using staff and other notations.

They will access music from different cultures, traditions and time periods and will be encouraged to discuss what they have heard giving opinions and using appropriate musical vocabulary. Children will gain knowledge of the different periods of musical history.

We use the Kapow scheme of work.

Music curriculum overview

Music curriculum progression



MFL - French

Our intent is to ensure progression of the statutory requirements for primary languages in an innovative, creative and memorable way.

We use the Language Angels scheme of work and resources to ensure we offer a relevant, broad, vibrant and ambitious foreign languages curriculum that will inspire and excite our pupils using a wide variety of topics and themes.

 We want children to leave school with an enthusiasm and curiosity regarding their ability to speak, write and understand French.  Children should feel prepared and confident heading into secondary education – where French is the predominant second language learned.

We aim for MFL to encourage our children to express themselves confidently and appreciate the need for different languages around the world.  It is vital that our children are aware of – and respect – other cultures, particularly those of French speaking countries.  Our aim is to provide the children with opportunities to learn about the impact of other languages on English, and how useful they can be in the wider world.  We hope our curriculum broadens their understanding and awareness of the wider world.

MFL curriculum overview

MFL curriculum progression




The Purpose of Religious Education

The Darlington Agreed Syllabus 2022 asserts the importance and value of religious education (RE) for all pupils, with on-going benefits for an open, articulate and understanding society.

Religious education contributes dynamically to children and young people’s education in schools by provoking challenging questions about meaning and purpose in life, beliefs about God, ultimate reality, issues of right and wrong and what it means to be human.


The Aims of RE

The principal aim of religious education is to explore what people believe and what difference this makes to how they live, so that pupils can gain the knowledge, understanding and skills needed to handle questions raised by religion and belief, reflecting on their own ideas and ways of living.

The curriculum for RE aims to ensure that all pupils:

  1. Make sense of a range of religious and non-religious beliefs.
  2. Understand the impact and significance of religious and non-religious beliefs.
  3. Make connections between religious and non-religious beliefs, concepts, practices and ideas studied.

RE curriculum overview




At Abbey School, PSHE education is an embedded part of our broad and balanced curriculum. Pupils’ spiritual, moral, social and cultural (SMSC) development is at the heart of our school ethos. British Values are promoted through the overarching aims and objectives of PSHE by supporting our children to become healthy and responsible members of society, as well as preparing them for life and work in modern Britain.

At Abbey School, our PSHE curriculum aims to equip our children with essential skills for life; it intends to develop the whole child through carefully planned and resources lessons that develop the knowledge, skills and attributes children need to protect and enhance their wellbeing. Through these lessons, children will learn how to stay safe and healthy, build and maintain successful relationships and become active citizens, responsibly participating in society around them. Successful PSHE curriculum coverage is a vital tool in preparing children for life in society now and in the future. Lessons in our curriculum have their foundations in seeing each and everybody’s value in society. Our curriculum aims to cover a wide range of the social and emotional aspects of learning, enabling children to develop their identity and self-esteem as active, confident members of their community. The themes and topics support social, moral, spiritual and cultural development and provide children with protective teaching on essential safeguarding issues, developing their knowledge of when and how they can ask for help.

Our curriculum resources are fully in line with the Learning Outcomes and Core Themes provided by the PSHE Association Programme of Study. This covers all of the required objectives and follows the three core areas of Health and Wellbeing, Relationships and Living in the Wider World. It fulfils the requirements of the 2020 Statutory Relationships and Health Education, setting these learning intentions in the context of a broad and balanced PSHE curriculum.

PSHE curriculum overview

PSHE-RSE programme-of-study